Why is MagicDNS fetching records on port 433?

When you use popular DNS providers, Tailscale will transparently upgrade you to DNS over HTTPS (DoH) to make your DNS lookups end-to-end encrypted with the DNS server.

DNS is traditionally done in clear text over UDP port 53. This allows unsophisticated attackers in the same coffee shop or network to be able to sniff your DNS traffic to see what websites you are connecting to. DNS over HTTPS changes this by making all DNS requests over HTTPS, which uses TLS for encryption.

With this feature, applications will make DNS lookups to the local MagicDNS server at the virtual IP address, instead of your OS level DNS servers. MagicDNS will then upgrade any DNS queries to DoH transparently. This provides legacy environments and applications (such as Windows 7) with end-to-end encrypted DNS lookups for free.

If you use any of the default nameservers listed in the DNS page of the admin console, Tailscale will automatically use DoH when possible. When you use NextDNS, it only allows connections over DoH, meaning all lookups will be end-to-end encrypted with your DNS server.

Your outbound connection monitoring software will need to be adjusted to account for this behavior. This may manifest as an unexpected TCP connection to port 443 (the standard HTTPS port).

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